米扑代理,全球领导的代理品牌,专注代理行业近十年,提供开放、私密、独享代理,并可免费试用

米扑代理官网:https://proxy.mimvp.com

 

本文示例,是结合米扑代理的私密、独享、开放代理,专门研发的示例,

支持 http、https的无密码、白名单ip、密码授权三种类型

 

示例中,用的插件 xpi 请到米扑代理官网,或米扑官方 github 下载

本文,直接给出完整的代码,都经过严格验证通过,具体请见注释

 

Python + Firefox + 插件(closeproxy.xpi)

其中,closeproxy.xpi文件,需要Google、Bing搜下都能搜到下载地址

完整的测试代码如下:

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary
from selenium.webdriver.common.proxy import *
from pyvirtualdisplay import Display
from base64 import b64encode


proxy = {
    "host": "123.57.78.100",
    "port": "12345",
    "user": "username",
    "pass": "password"
}

profile = webdriver.FirefoxProfile()

# add new header
profile.add_extension("modify_headers-0.7.1.1-fx.xpi")
profile.set_preference("extensions.modify_headers.currentVersion", "0.7.1.1-fx")
profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.config.active", True)
profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.count", 1)
profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.action0", "Add")
profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.name0", "Proxy-Switch-Ip")
profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.value0", "yes")
profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.enabled0", True)

# add proxy
profile.set_preference('network.proxy.type', 1)
profile.set_preference('network.proxy.http', proxy['host'])
profile.set_preference('network.proxy.http_port', int(proxy['port']))
profile.set_preference('network.proxy.no_proxies_on', 'localhost, 127.0.0.1')
#profile.set_preference("network.proxy.username", 'aaaaa')
#profile.set_preference("network.proxy.password", 'bbbbb')

# Proxy auto login
profile.add_extension('closeproxy.xpi')
credentials = '{user}:{pass}'.format(**proxy)
credentials = b64encode(credentials.encode('ascii')).decode('utf-8')
profile.set_preference('extensions.closeproxyauth.authtoken', credentials)

profile.update_preferences()

driver = webdriver.Firefox(profile)
driver.get("https://proxy.mimvp.com/ip.php")
print driver.page_source

driver.quit()

 

 

米扑代理出品:完整、验证、权威的示例

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
#
# Selenium + Firefox 支持 http、https
#
# 米扑代理示例:
# https://proxy.mimvp.com/demo2.php
# 
# 米扑代理购买:
# https://proxy.mimvp.com
# 
# mimvp.com
# 2017-01-08

# Python + Selenium + Firefox 设置密码时,需要使用到两个插件:
# 插件1: modify_headers-0.7.1.1-fx.xpi
# 下载地址:https://github.com/mimvp/mimvp-proxy-demo
#
# 方式2: close_proxy_authentication-1.1.xpi
# 下载地址:https://github.com/mimvp/mimvp-proxy-demo
#        
# 本示例由米扑代理原创,测试代理来自于米扑代理
# 密码授权和白名单ip设置,请见米扑代理 - 会员中心:https://proxy.mimvp.com/usercenter/userinfo.php?p=whiteip


from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary
from selenium.webdriver.common.proxy import *
from pyvirtualdisplay import Display
# from xvfbwrapper import Xvfb

import bs4, os
from base64 import b64encode

import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf8')


## webdriver + firefox (不使用代理,爬取网页)
def spider_url_firefox(url):
    browser = None
    display = None
    try:
        display = Display(visible=0, size=(800, 600))
        display.start()
        browser = webdriver.Firefox()       # 打开 FireFox 浏览器
        browser.get(url)     
        content = browser.page_source
        print("content: " + str(content))
    finally:
        if browser: browser.quit()
        if display: display.stop()


## webdriver + firefox + proxy + whiteip (无密码,或白名单ip授权)
## 米扑代理:https://proxy.mimvp.com
def spider_url_firefox_by_whiteip(url):
    browser = None
    display = None
    
    ## 白名单ip,请见米扑代理会员中心: https://proxy.mimvp.com/usercenter/userinfo.php?p=whiteip
    mimvp_proxy = { 
                    'ip'            : '140.143.62.84',      # ip
                    'port_https'    : 19480,                # http, https
                    'port_socks'    : 19481,                # socks5
                    'username'      : 'mimvp-user',
                    'password'      : 'mimvp-pass'
                  }
    
    try:
        display = Display(visible=0, size=(800, 600))
        display.start()
        
        profile = webdriver.FirefoxProfile()
        
        # add proxy
        profile.set_preference('network.proxy.type', 1)     # ProxyType.MANUAL = 1
        if url.startswith("http://"):
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.http', mimvp_proxy['ip'])
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.http_port', mimvp_proxy['port_https'])    # 访问http网站
        elif url.startswith("https://"):
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.ssl', mimvp_proxy['ip'])
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.ssl_port', mimvp_proxy['port_https'])     # 访问https网站
        else:
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.socks', mimvp_proxy['ip'])
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.socks_port', mimvp_proxy['port_socks'])
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.ftp', mimvp_proxy['ip'])
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.ftp_port', mimvp_proxy['port_https'])
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.no_proxies_on', 'localhost,127.0.0.1')
        
        ## 不存在此用法,不能这么设置用户名密码 (舍弃)
#         profile.set_preference("network.proxy.username", 'mimvp-username')
#         profile.set_preference("network.proxy.password", 'mimvp-password')
    
        profile.update_preferences()
        
        browser = webdriver.Firefox(profile)       # 打开 FireFox 浏览器
        browser.get(url)     
        content = browser.page_source
        print("content: " + str(content))
    finally:
        if browser: browser.quit()
        if display: display.stop()


## webdriver + firefox + proxy + https (https密码授权)
## 米扑代理:https://proxy.mimvp.com
def spider_url_firefox_by_proxy(url):
    browser = None
    display = None
    
    ## 授权密码,请见米扑代理会员中心: https://proxy.mimvp.com/usercenter/userinfo.php?p=whiteip
    mimvp_proxy = { 
                    'ip'            : '140.143.62.84',      # ip
                    'port_https'    : 19480,                # http, https
                    'port_socks'    : 19481,                # socks5
                    'username'      : 'mimvp-user',
                    'password'      : 'mimvp-pass'
                  }

    try:
        display = Display(visible=0, size=(800, 600))
        display.start()
        
        profile = webdriver.FirefoxProfile()
        
        # add new header
        profile.add_extension("modify_headers-0.7.1.1-fx.xpi")
        profile.set_preference("extensions.modify_headers.currentVersion", "0.7.1.1-fx")
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.config.active", True)
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.count", 1)
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.action0", "Add")
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.name0", "Proxy-Switch-Ip")
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.value0", "yes")
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.enabled0", True)

        # add proxy
        profile.set_preference('network.proxy.type', 1)     # ProxyType.MANUAL = 1
        if url.startswith("http://"):
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.http', mimvp_proxy['ip'])
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.http_port', mimvp_proxy['port_https'])    # 访问http网站
        elif url.startswith("https://"):
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.ssl', mimvp_proxy['ip'])
            profile.set_preference('network.proxy.ssl_port', mimvp_proxy['port_https'])     # 访问https网站
 
        # Proxy auto login (自动填写密码,进行代理授权)
        profile.add_extension('close_proxy_authentication-1.1.xpi')
        credentials = '{username}:{password}'.format(username=mimvp_proxy['username'], password=mimvp_proxy['password'])    # auth
        credentials = b64encode(credentials.encode('ascii')).decode('utf-8')
        profile.set_preference('extensions.closeproxyauth.authtoken', credentials)

        profile.update_preferences()
        
        browser = webdriver.Firefox(profile)       # 打开 FireFox 浏览器
        browser.get(url)     
        content = browser.page_source
        print("content: " + str(content))
    finally:
        if browser: browser.quit()
        if display: display.stop()


## webdriver + firefox + proxy + socks (socks密码授权)
## 米扑代理:https://proxy.mimvp.com
def spider_url_firefox_by_socks(url):
    browser = None
    display = None
    
    ## 授权密码,请见米扑代理会员中心: https://proxy.mimvp.com/usercenter/userinfo.php?p=whiteip
    mimvp_proxy = { 
                    'ip'            : '140.143.62.84',      # ip
                    'port_https'    : 19480,                # http, https
                    'port_socks'    : 19481,                # socks5
                    'username'      : 'mimvp-user',
                    'password'      : 'mimvp-pass'
                  }

    proxy_config = Proxy({
                    'proxyType'     : ProxyType.MANUAL,         # 1
                    'httpProxy'     : mimvp_proxy['ip'] + ":" + str(mimvp_proxy['port_https']),
                    'sslProxy'      : mimvp_proxy['ip'] + ":" + str(mimvp_proxy['port_https']),
                    'socksProxy'    : mimvp_proxy['ip'] + ":" + str(mimvp_proxy['port_socks']),
                    'ftpProxy'      : mimvp_proxy['ip'] + ":" + str(mimvp_proxy['port_https']),
                    'noProxy'       : 'localhost,127.0.0.1',
                    'socksUsername' : mimvp_proxy['username'],
                    'socksPassword' : mimvp_proxy['password'],
                  })
    
    try:
        display = Display(visible=0, size=(800, 600))
        display.start()
        
        profile = webdriver.FirefoxProfile()
        
        # add new header
        profile.add_extension("modify_headers-0.7.1.1-fx.xpi")
        profile.set_preference("extensions.modify_headers.currentVersion", "0.7.1.1-fx")
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.config.active", True)
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.count", 1)
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.action0", "Add")
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.name0", "Proxy-Switch-Ip")
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.value0", "yes")
        profile.set_preference("modifyheaders.headers.enabled0", True)
        
        # auto save auth
        profile.set_preference("signon.autologin.proxy", 'true')
        profile.set_preference("network.websocket.enabled", 'false')
        profile.set_preference('network.proxy.share_proxy_settings', 'false')
        profile.set_preference('network.automatic-ntlm-auth.allow-proxies', 'false')
        profile.set_preference('network.auth.use-sspi', 'false')
        profile.update_preferences()
        
        browser = webdriver.Firefox(proxy=proxy_config, firefox_profile=profile)       # 打开 FireFox 浏览器
        browser.get(url)     
        content = browser.page_source
        print("content: " + str(content))
    finally:
        if browser: browser.quit()
        if display: display.stop()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    url = 'https://ip.cn'
    url = 'https://mimvp.com'
    url = 'https://proxy.mimvp.com/ip.php'
    
    # 不使用代理,爬取网页,成功
    spider_url_firefox(url)
    
    # 代理无密码,或设置白名单ip,成功
    spider_url_firefox_by_whiteip(url)
    
    # http, https 密码授权,成功
    spider_url_firefox_by_proxy(url)

    # socks5 密码授权,失败 (仍然是本机ip请求的,不是代理ip请求)
    spider_url_firefox_by_socks(url)

 

 

参考推荐

WebDriver配置Firefox代理服务器

Python + Selenium + Chrome 使用代理 auth 的用户名密码授权

Selenium Webdriver 以代理proxy方式启动firefox,ie,chrome  (米扑博客)

selenium/py/selenium/webdriver/firefox/firefox_profile.py  (github 官网)

Python + Selenium + Firefox 如何使用需要auth的代理  (SegmentFault)

How to set proxy authentication (user & password) using python selenium  (Stack Overflow)

Python Selenium Webdriver - Proxy Authentication  (Stack Overflow)

Selenium2——profile设置、启动Firefox浏览器  (CSDN)

Selenium中配置FirefoxProfile控制文件下载路径、SSL和Proxy

Selenium + Chrome Diver使用带用户名密码认证的HTTP代理的方法

chromedriver 代理设置(账号密码)