1. 获取PHP安装文件

downloads 或直接下载 php-5.5.9.tar.gz

获取安装php需要的支持文件: libxml2 或直接下载 libxml2-2.9.1.tar.gz

 

2. 安装 libxml2

 tar zxvf libxml2-2.9.1.tar.gz
 cd libxml2-2.6.32
 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2 
 make
 make install

 

如果安装成功以后,在/usr/local/libxml2/目录下将生成bin、include、lib、man和share五个目录。在后面安装PHP5源代码包的配置时,会通过在configure命令的选项中加上"--with-libxml-dir=/usr/ local/libxml2"选项,用于指定安装libxml2库文件的位置

 

3. 安装php5

#tar zvxf php- 5.3 . 8 .tar.gz

#cd php-5.3.8
#./configure \ 
--prefix=/usr/local/php \ 
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \  
--with-apxs=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs \
--with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2
#make 
#make install 

 

4. 重新配置apache2让他支持php

配置 httpd.conf 让apache支持PHP:

# vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

找到 AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz 在其下添加如下内容

AddType application/x-httpd-php .php      (.前面有空格)

AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps        (.前面有空格)

然后CPOPY PHP的配置文件

cp php-5.3.8/php.ini.dist /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

(如果没有php.ini.dist 则把php.ini-development php.ini-production中的任何一个重命名为php.ini.dist即可。)

修改php.ini文件 register_globals = On

重启apache

service apache restart

5.测试php是否成功安装

写一个php测试页info.php,放到apache2/htdocs中。

<?php
    phpinfo();
?>;

在浏览器中输入:服务器地址/info.php

如果能正常显示出php的信息,则说明Apche+Mysql+PHP安装成功!

 

CentOS 5.5 使用yum来安装LAMP

1. 换源,使用sohu安装源

1.1 备份CentOS-Base.repo

cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

cp CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repo.bak

1.2 替换源

用vi打开CentOS-Base.repo,并将内容清空,然后将下面的内容复制进去,并保存。

# CentOS-Base.repo

#

# This file uses a new mirrorlist system developed by Lance Davis for CentOS.

# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the

# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and

# geographically close to the client. You should use this for CentOS updates

# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.

#

# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the

# remarked out baseurl= line instead.

#

#

[base]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Base

baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#released updates

[updates]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates

baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#packages used/produced in the build but not released

[addons]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Addons

baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/addons/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#additional packages that may be useful

[extras]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras

baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages

[centosplus]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus

baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

enabled=0

gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

1.3更新一下 yum -y update

2. 用yum安装Apache、Mysql、PHP

2.1 安装Apache

yum install httpd httpd-devel

安装完成后, 启动apache

/etc/init.d/httpd start

设为开机启动:chkconfig httpd on

2.2 安装mysql

yum install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel

完成后, 启动mysql

/etc/init.d/mysqld start

2.2.2 设置mysql密码

mysql -uroot

mysql> USE mysql;

mysql> UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('newpassword') WHERE user='root'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

2.2.3 允许远程登录

mysql -u root -p

Enter Password: <your new password>

mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'username'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password' WITH GRANT OPTION; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

完成后就能用mysql-front远程管理mysql了。

2.2.4 设为开机启动

chkconfig mysqld on

3. 安装php

yum install php php-mysql php-common php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-devel php-xml

/etc/init.d/httpd start

4. 测试一下

4.1在/var/www/html/新建个test.php文件,将以下内容写入,然后保存。

<?php

phpinfo();

?>

4.2 防火墙配置

a.添加.允许访问端口{21: ftp, 80: http}.

iptables -I RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 21 -j ACCEPT

iptables -I RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT

b.关闭防火墙{不推荐}.

service iptables stop

c.重置加载防火墙

service iptables restart

4.3然后在客户端浏览器里打开http://serverip/test.php,若能成功显示,则表示安装成功。

至此,安装完毕。感慨,yum真是太好用了。

 

 

PHP 升级

1.先查看当前php版本

# php -v

2.升级php版本

rpm --import http://repo.webtatic.com/yum/RPM-GPG-KEY-webtatic-andy

wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d/ http://repo.webtatic.com/yum/webtatic.repo

yum --enablerepo=webtatic update php mysql

升级php最好是连mysql一起升级,好了可以看到php已经升级成 5.3.28

3、查看升级后的php版本

# php -v

PHP 5.3.28 (cli) (built: Dec 15 2013 17:43:05)

Copyright (c) 1997-2013 The PHP Group

Zend Engine v2.3.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2013 Zend Technologies

可以看到php的版本已经更新到5.3.X

重启 /etc/init.d/httpd restart apache  service httpd restart

 

----------------------

升级 2 (推荐)

1) 预安装

 

yum --enablerepo=remi,remi-php55 install php-pecl-apc php-cli php-pear php-pdo php-mysqlnd php-pgsql php-pecl-mongo php-sqlite php-pecl-memcache php-pecl-memcached php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-xml

2) 升级php

yum --enablerepo=remi,remi-php55 install php-opcache

 

 

Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/gd.so

[root@ithomer ~]# php -v

PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/gd.so' - libvpx.so.0: cannot map zero-fill pages: Cannot allocate memory in Unknown on line 0

PHP 5.5.9 (cli) (built: Feb 18 2014 14:51:49)

Copyright (c) 1997-2014 The PHP Group

Zend Engine v2.5.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2014 Zend Technologies

with Zend OPcache v7.0.3, Copyright (c) 1999-2014, by Zend Technologies

解决:

How To Add Swap on CentOS 6

-----------------------------------------------------------

libcurl.so.3

Error: Package: php-common-5.3.28-2.w5.x86_64 (webtatic)

Requires: libcurl.so.3()(64bit)

You could try using --skip-broken to work around the problem

You could try running: rpm -Va --nofiles --nodigest

 

yum install libcurl libcurl-devel

 

----------------------------

 

MySQL 升级

CentOS 5.5的源mysql目前还停留在5.0.19上,要做数据库主从的时候,必须升级到5.1以上,索性直接到5.5.36

1、安装MySQL 5.5.x的yum源:

rpm -Uvh http://repo.webtatic.com/yum/centos/5/latest.rpm

2、安装MySQL客户端的支持包:

yum install libmysqlclient15 --enablerepo=webtatic

3、卸载MySQL老版本的软件包:

yum remove mysql mysql-*

4、安装MySQL 5.5的客户端和服务端:

yum install mysql55 mysql55-server --enablerepo=webtatic

5、启动MySQL系统服务,更新数据库:

/etc/init.d/mysqld restart

mysql_upgrade -uroot -proot

升级完毕

/etc/init.d/mysqld restart

 

------------------------------------------------------------

升级 1 (推荐)

To list Old MySql

yum list installed | grep -i mysql

To remove Old MySql

yum remove mysql mysql-*

Remi Dependency on CentOS 6 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-6.rpm

Install MySQL server

yum --enablerepo=remi,remi-test install mysql mysql-server

To list New MySql

yum list installed | grep -i mysql

start MySql server

/etc/init.d/mysqld start ## use restart after update

OR

service mysqld start ## use restart after update

chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on

Last

mysql_upgrade -u root -p

Now my MySql version is 5.5.32

Ref:

http://www.webtatic.com/packages/mysql55/

http://www.if-not-true-then-false.com/2010/install-mysql-on-fedora-centos-red-hat-rhel/

update MySQL version from 5.1 to 5.5 in CentOS 6.2

 

Centos 使用YUM安装MariaDB

 

1、在 /etc/yum.repos.d/ 下建立 MariaDB.repo

$ cd /etc/yum.repos.d

$ vim /etc/yum.repos.d/ MariaDB.repo

添加如下配置:

# MariaDB 10.0 CentOS repository list - created 2013-08-23 13:08 UTC

# http://mariadb.org/mariadb/repositories/

[mariadb]

name = MariaDB

baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.0/centos6-amd64

gpgkey= https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB

gpgcheck=1

如果是其他的操作系统,可以在 这里 找到相关信息。

2、使用YUM安装MariaDB

$ sudo yum -y install MariaDB-client MariaDB-server MariaDB-devel

3、启动数据库

$ sudo service mysql start

4、修改Root的密码

$ mysqladmin -u root password ‘passwd’

5、配置远程访问 ,MariaDB为了安全起见,默认情况下绑定ip( 127.0.0.1)。

$ mysql -u root -p

Enter password:

Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MariaDB connection id is 4

Server version: 10.0.4-MariaDB MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle, Monty Program Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY ‘passwd’ WITH GRANT OPTION;

MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;

第一句中"%"表示任何主机都可以远程登录到该服务器上访问。如果要限制只有某台机器可以访问,将其换成相应的IP即可,如:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO root@"172.168.193.25" IDENTIFIED BY "root";

第二句表示从mysql数据库的grant表中重新加载权限数据。因为MySQL把权限都放在了cache中,所以在做完更改后需要重新加载。

6、防火墙配置

如果系统的防火墙开着(or behind a hardware firewall or NAT)你必须放开mysql使用的TCP端口,通常都是3306。

7、大小写敏感

用root帐号登录后,在/etc/my.cnf 中的[mysqld]后添加添加lower_case_table_names=1,重启MYSQL服务,这时已设置成功:不区分表名的大小写;

lower_case_table_names参数详解:

lower_case_table_names = 0

其中 0:区分大小写,1:不区分大小写

------------------------------------------------------------

 

ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'ithomer'@'localhost' (using password: YES)

/etc/init.d/mysqld stop
mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &
mysql -u root
mysql> use mysql;

mysql> grant all privileges on *.* to " root " @"%" identified by "password" with grant option;  flush privileges; # 添加用户

mysql> grant Select on your_dbname .* to "username"@"%" identified by " password " with grant option;  flush privileges;    # 赋值只读权限(Select)

mysql> update user set password=PASSWORD("newrootpassword") where User='root'; flush privileges; # 修改密码
mysql> quit
/etc/init.d/mysqld restart

/etc/init.d/mysqld stop
/etc/init.d/mysqld start

 

 

rpm安装

1. 安装 命令
rpm -ivh filename.rpm
参数解释
-i 安装
-h 解压rpm的时候打印50个斜条 (#)
-v 显示详细信息

2.升级命令

rpm -Uvh filename.rpm

参数解释

-U 升级

-h 解压rpm的时候打印50个斜条 (#)

-v 显示详细信息

 

rzsz安装

 

ubuntu: sudo apt-get install lrzsz

centos: yum -y install lrzsz

 

hostname修改

需修改两处:

1)vim /etc/sysconfig/network 修改 HOSTNAME= your_hostname

2)vim  /etc/hosts  修改 12.160.134.168 your_hostname

 

Python 安装

1) 下载 Python , 直接下载 Python-2.7.6.tar.xz

2) 安装.tar.xz 解压工具: yum -y install xz

3) 解压.tar.xz文件: unxz Python-2.7.6.tar.xz     和   tar xvf Python-2.7.6.tar

4) cd Python-2.7.6

5) . / configure -- prefix = / usr / local -- enable - unicode = ucs4 -- enable - shared LDFLAGS = "-Wl,-rpath /usr/local/lib"

make && make altinstall

 

pip 安装

1) wget https : //bitbucket.org/pypa/setuptools/raw/bootstrap/ez_setup.py

2) python2 . 7 ez_setup .py

3) easy_install - 2.7 pip

4) pip2 . 7 install [ packagename ]

pip2 . 7 install -- upgrade [ packagename ]

pip2 . 7 uninstall [ packagename ]

 

 

 

LAMP 配置截图

 

升级 3 —— httpd (apache server)

$ vi /etc/yum.repos.d/centalt.repo

[CentALT] name=CentALT Packages for Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch baseurl=http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/6/$basearch/ enabled=1 gpgcheck=0

yum update httpd

参考: Upgrade apache/httpd to 2.2.23 in CentOS

 

安装 Git

通过命令 yum  install  git 安装的是老版本(1.7.1)

想安装最新的git,步骤如下:

1) yum install perl-DBI -y

2) wget http://pkgs.repoforge.org/git/git-1.7.10-1.el6.rfx.x86_64.rpm

wget http://pkgs.repoforge.org/git/perl-Git-1.7.10-1.el6.rfx.x86_64.rpm

3) rpm -i git-1.7.10-1.el6.rfx.x86_64.rpm perl-Git-1.7.10-1.el6.rfx.x86_64.rpm

4) git --version

git version 1.7.10

参考: 参考1 参考2 , github要求git在版本 1.7.6以上

 

安装 Subversion

1) 安装客户端, 命令:

yum install subversion

Install SVN server in Centos 6.x

 

 

参考推荐:

Linux安装配置php

Ubuntu安装配置MySQL

CentOS 5.5使用yum来安装LAMP

Win7下安装Apache+PHP+MySQL

MySQL赋值用户权限GRANT用法 (推荐)

WordPress的安装过程

WordPress数据库及各表结构

 

原文: CentOS安装PHP